Science

Courses

Key Stage 4 Courses Key Stage 5 Courses
AQA GCSE Combined Science – Trilogy AQA A Level Biology, Chemistry and Physics
AQA Biology, Chemistry and Physics – separate GCSE courses AQA Level 3 Extended Certificate in Applied Science
  WJEC Level 3 Diploma in Medical Science

Why do we study Science?

Science is a set of ideas about the material world. At Barnhill students engage in all of the parts of what good science looks like at this level: whether it be investigating, observing, experimenting or testing out ideas and thinking about them. The way scientific ideas flow through the curriculum will support our students in building a deep understanding of science. This will involve talking about, reading and writing about science plus the actual doing, as well as representing science in its many forms, both mathematically and visually through models. Our courses also encourage the development of knowledge and understanding in science through opportunities for working scientifically.  Working scientifically is the sum of all the activities that scientists do.

The Science Department Team

Miss Ball – Director of Science
Mr Macauley – Senior Deputy Curriculum Leader
Miss Nkune – Senior Deputy Curriculum Leader
Mrs Barker – Deputy Curriculum Leader
Mrs Ponnuraj – Assistant Curriculum Leader: Physics
Mr Ahmed – Teacher of Science
Mr Babber – Teacher of Science

Miss Begum – Teacher of Science
Miss Capoccia – Teacher of Science
Ms Maughan – Teacher of Science
Miss Nourzad – Teacher of Science
Miss Somji – Teacher of Science
Mr Tarabi – Teacher of Science

Email address: mail@barnhill.hillingdon.sch.uk

The Science Programme of Study

Key Stage 3 – Years 7 and 8

For Years 7 and 8 we use the Activate Science Books 1 and 2 respectively. There is an online resource attached to this book for students, teachers and parents to access called Kerboodle. Kerboodle contains a bank of resources and assessments tailored to the latest KS3 curriculum, supporting students through to the new GCSE success.

New resources are added and updated intermittently to provide further support for the development of skills for the new GCSEs (9-1).

Students are guided through an interactive step-by-step worked solution before attempting questions themselves. Links to MyMaths have also been added to support vital maths skills. ‘Glossary quizzes’ and other assessment resources help improve students’ literacy by grasping and using key scientific terminology effectively.

Students have 6 lessons of science over a fortnight with topics covering all the 3 disciplines of science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) and working scientifically. A total of 14 topics are covered in Year 7 and 13 topics in Year 8. Student assessment takes place every half term based on topics covered in the lessons that half term.

Year 7

Working Scientifically: Using practical skills and working safely in the lab; following scientific procedures
Biology: cells, structure and function of body systems, reproduction
Chemistry: particles and behaviour, elements, atoms and compounds, reaction, acids and alkali
Physics: forces, sound, light, space

Year 8

Biology: health and lifestyle, adaptation and inheritance, ecosystem processes Chemistry: the periodic table, separation techniques, the earth, metals and acids Physics: energy, electricity and magnetism, motion and pressure

Key Stage 4 – Years 9, 10 and 11

In Years 9, 10 and 11 most students follow the new Trilogy GCSE course developed by AQA. It is similar to the previous core and additional science GCSEs in that it is a double award: providing two GCSEs with subject content and practical work that also appears in the separate science (Biology, Chemistry and Physics) GCSEs, giving students the best possible preparation for A Level Science. Practical, hands on science is as fundamental to learning at GCSE as it was in Key Stage 3 so students must complete a series of required practicals, before sitting six exam papers: two Biology, two Chemistry and two Physics. Each of the papers will assess knowledge and understanding from distinct topic areas. The new style exams have fewer words and fewer contexts that have previously confused students. The questions start simply and increase in difficulty to build the students’ confidence and maximize their performance. This is a linear qualification so students will sit all their exams at the end of the course covering the following topics:

Biology

  • Cell biology
  • Organisation
  • Infection and response
  • Bioenergetics
  • Homeostasis and response
  • Inheritance, variation and evolution
  • Ecology

Chemistry

  • Atomic structure and the periodic table
  • Bonding, structure and the properties of matter
  • Quantitative chemistry
  • Chemical changes
  • Energy changes
  • The rate and extent of chemical change
  • Organic chemistry
  • Chemical analysis
  • Chemistry of the atmosphere
  • Using resources

Physics

  • Energy
  • Electricity
  • Particle model of matter
  • Atomic structure
  • Forces
  • Waves
  • Magnetism and electromagnetism

Separate Sciences have a very similar structure but the assessment differs in that the Biology, Chemistry and Physics content is assessed separately, resulting in three independent GCSEs, one in each of the science specialisms. A select group follow this course after being identified as having a particular aptitude for science and an exceptional work ethic.

Both of these courses equip students with skills and knowledge transferable to both educational and career settings, and provides a worthwhile course for students of various ages and from diverse backgrounds in terms of general education and lifelong learning.

Key Stage 5 – Years 12 and 13

A LEVEL BIOLOGY

Biology A Level will give you the skills to make connections and associations with all living things around you. Biology literally means the study of life and if that is not important, what is? Being such a broad topic, you are bound to find a specific area of interest, plus it opens the door to a fantastic range of interesting careers.

Possible Degree Options

According to bestcourse4me.com, the top seven degree courses taken by students who have an A Level in Biology are: Biology; Psychology; Sport and Exercise Science; Medicine; Anatomy; Physiology and Pathology Pharmacology; and Toxicology and Pharmacy Chemistry.

Possible Career Options

Studying A Level Biology at university gives you all sorts of exciting career options, including: doctor; clinical molecular geneticist; nature conservation officer; pharmacologist; research scientist; vet; secondary school teacher; marine biologist; and dentist.

Biology is a practical subject and all students will have the opportunity to gain practical endorsement for their A Level. Practical skills will be assessed through 12 identified practical activities. The assessment outcomes will be reported separately on students’ certificates as either ‘pass’ or ‘fail’. To achieve a pass, students must demonstrate that they are competent in all of the practical skills listed in the subject content requirements for chemistry. Students must show practical competency by completing a number of core practicals throughout the course.

Core content

  1. Biological molecules
  2. Cells
  3. Organisms exchange substances with theirenvironment
  4. Genetic information, variation and relationships betweenorganisms
  5. Energy transfers in and between organisms (A Levelonly)
  6. Organisms respond to changes in their internal and external environments (A Levelonly)
  7. Genetics, populations, evolution and ecosystems (A Levelonly)
  8. The control of gene expression (A Levelonly)

Assessments objectives (AOs) are set by Ofqual and are the same across all AS and A Level Biology specifications and exam boards.  The exams will measure how students have achieved the following assessment objectives:

  • AO1: Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of scientific ideas, processes, techniquesand procedures
  • AO2: Apply knowledge and understanding of scientific ideas, processes, techniques and procedures – in a theoretical context; in a practical context; when handling qualitative data; when handling quantitative data
  • AO3: Analyse, interpret and evaluation scientific information, ideas and evidence, including in relation to issues to make judgements and reach conclusions and define and refine practical design andprocedures.

10% of the overall assessment of AS Biology will contain mathematical skills equivalent to GCSE grade 7 or above. At least 15% of the overall assessment of AS Biology will assess knowledge, skills and understanding in relation to practical work.

10% of the overall assessment of A Level Biology will contain mathematical skills equivalent to GCSE grade 7 or above. At least 15% of the overall assessment of A Level Biology will assess knowledge, skills and understanding in relation to practical work.

Entry Requirements

Students are required to have achieved at least 2 Science GCSEs at a grade 6 or above. Students should also have achieved a grade 5 in Mathematics and a grade 5 in English.

A LEVEL CHEMISTRY

Skills

A GCE in Chemistry allows you to develop a range of generic skills requested by both employers and universities. For instance, a successful GCE level chemist will be an effective problem-solver and be able to communicate efficiently both orally and with the written word. Handling data will be a key part of your work, allowing you to demonstrate information retrieval skills as well as use of numeracy and ICT. You will build up a range of practical skills that require creativity and accuracy as well as developing a firm understanding of health and safety issues. As Chemistry is a subject in which much learning stems from experimental work it is likely that you will need to work effectively as part of a group, developing team participation and leadership skills. As you become more skilled you will take responsibility for selecting appropriate qualitative and quantitative methods, recording your observations and findings accurately and precisely as well as critically analysing and evaluating the methodology, results and impact of your own and others' experimental and investigative activities.

Methods of Assessment

A Level – 2 year linear course, with all units examined at the end of Year 13

Overall, a minimum of 20% of the marks across the three papers will be awarded for mathematics.

Science Practical Endorsement (A Level only)

This qualification will give students opportunities to use relevant apparatus and techniques to develop and demonstrate specific practical skills. These skills must be assessed through 12 identified practical activities. The assessment outcomes will be reported separately on students’ certificates as either ‘pass’ or ‘fail’. To achieve a pass, students must demonstrate that they are competent in all of the practical skills listed in the subject content requirements for Chemistry. Students must show practical competency by completing a number of core practicals throughout the course.

AS LEVEL CHEMISTRY

Key features of study

  • Practical work forms an important part of the course, students generally working inpairs
  • Textbook theorywork
  • Mathematical calculations associated with PhysicalChemistry
  • Devising Organic Chemistry syntheticroutes
  • Learning about the elements, their physical and chemicalproperties

Aptitudes required

AS or A Level Chemistry is suitable if you:

  • Want to gain essential knowledge and understanding of different areas of the subject and how they relate to eachother
  • Have a deep appreciation of the skills, knowledge and understanding of scientificmethods
  • Have competence and confidence in a variety of practical, mathematical and problem solvingskills
  • Have interest in and enthusiasm for the subject, including developing an interest in further study and careers associated with thesubject
  • Want an understanding of how society makes decisions about scientificissues

Career Connections

Chemistry is a useful subject to consider if you are interested in a career or degree course in many areas of science and essential for careers in medicine, dentistry and pharmacy.

The skills associated with good chemistry graduates are also sought after by financial institutions and various other areas of commerce and industry.

A LEVEL PHYSICS

Syllabus: AQA Physics 7408 (Linear)

Entry requirements:    Students are required to have achieved at least 2 Science GCSEs at a grade 6 or above. Students should also have achieved a grade 7 in Mathematics and a grade 5 in English.

Is Physics suitable for me?

Physics is best studied by those who enjoy both experimenting - investigating, understanding and predicting events in the material world - and theorising - precise logical reasoning and problem-solving of an abstract kind, similar to that met in mathematics.  The subject demands a high level of mathematical and written communication skills.

What will this course teach me?

This course will give you the knowledge and understanding to make decisions about the way Physics affects your everyday life and it will provide the skills to allow you to study further into the subject. You will be expected to: demonstrate  knowledge  and  understanding  of  scientific  ideas,  processes,  techniques  and  procedures;  apply  knowledge and understanding of scientific ideas, processes, techniques and procedures in a theoretical and practical context as well as interpreting both qualitative and quantitative data; analyse, interpret and evaluate scientific information, ideas and evidence, including making judgements, reaching conclusions and developing and refining practical design and procedures.

What do I need to know, or be able to do, before taking this course?

The qualification builds on the knowledge, understanding and process skills that you achieved in GCSE Core Science, Additional Science and Physics. In Physics you will need to be able to communicate effectively, be able to carry out research, work independently and critically think about problems. At least 40% of the assessment will relate to mathematical skills within the Physics course and another 15% will assess knowledge, skills and understanding of the practical work.

What will I learn?

A Level Physics gives you the opportunity to study a core of key concepts in greater detail, some of which have been met at GCSE level. Over the course, a minimum of 12 core practicals will be carried out to develop and test practical competency for which you will keep a lab book or folder.

The specific topics are:

Core

Measurement and their errors

Particles and radiation

Waves

Mechanics and materials

Electricity

Further mechanics and thermal physics

Fields and their consequences

Nuclear physics

Options

Turning points in physics

A Level Physics Assessment

Six hours of terminal written papers which will be roughly divided into the following units:

Paper 1 – Measurements, Particles, Waves, Mechanics and Electricity (~35%)

Paper 2 – Thermal Physics, Fields and Nuclear Physics (~35%)

Paper 3 – Practical Skills and Data Analysis and Turning Points in Physics (~30%)

All papers will consist of a mixture of multiple choice, short open-response, extended open-response, calculations, data analysis, practical techniques and synoptic style questions. A separate assessment of ‘practical competency’ assesses the ability of students in practical skills at A-Level over a series of 12 core practicals. The Practical Grade will be reported as ‘Pass’ or ‘Not Reported’ but does not affect the overall A Level grade awarded.

AS Level Physics Assessment

Three hours of terminal written papers which will be roughly divided into the following units:

Paper 1 – Units 1-5 (50%)

Paper 2 – Units 1-5 and questions on practical skills and data analysis (50%)

All papers will consist of a mixture of multiple choice, short open-response, extended open-response, calculations, data analysis, practical techniques and synoptic style questions.

LEVEL 3 – GENERAL APPLIED SCIENCE

The AQA Level 3 Certificate and Extended Certificate in Applied Science allows learners the opportunity to learn and understand the core principles and practical applications that underpin applied science.

This qualification will provide learners with a broad understanding of vocationally-related sciences to support progress to higher education. It is suitable for studying alongside academic science qualifications, such as A-Level sciences or other Level 3 vocational qualifications.  This qualification can fulfil the entry requirements for a number of science-related higher education courses, including biomedical, forensic and sports science, as well as nursing. In addition, the qualification is eligible for UCAS points. It can also prepare learners to take up employment in the applied science sector, either directly after achieving the qualification or via higher education.

Students will spend their Y12 programme of study working towards the Certificate in Applied Science. The qualification consists of 3 units. 2 of the units are externally assessed exams whilst one is coursework based, internally assessed and later externally moderated (see below).

Level 3 Certificate in Applied Science: Unit Summary

The acknowledged number of guided learning hours for this qualification is 180. It consists of three mandatory units.

Students are then able to complete 3 further units in Year 13 to complete the Extended Certificate in Applied Science. This portion of the qualification consists of one externally assessed exam and 2 practical based investigations to be presented as a written report/portfolio (see below). The completed Extended Certificate is the equivalent of 1 A Level.

Level 3 Extended Certificate in Applied Science: Unit Summary

The acknowledged number of guided learning hours for this qualification is 360. It is made up of five mandatory units, plus one optional unit from a choice of three.

The AQA Level 3 Certificate and Extended Certificate in Applied Science will allow learners the opportunity to learn and understand the core principles and practical applications that underpin applied science.

Learners will cover topics such as:

  • Scientific principles associated with the application of biology, chemistry andphysics
  • Experimental and practical techniques associated with appliedscience
  • The roles and skills of scientists, and the public and media perception ofscience
  • How the human bodyworks

Scientific investigations

Each unit within the qualification has an applied purpose which acts as a focus for the learning in the unit. The applied purpose will also enable learners to develop a wide range of valuable skills such as:

  • Skills required for independent learning anddevelopment
  • A range of generic and transferableskills
  • The ability to solveproblems
  • The skills of project-based research, development andpresentation
  • The ability to apply mathematical and ICTskills
  • The ability to apply learning in vocationalcontexts

Unlike the traditional A Level science subjects, the applied science qualification is assessed using a Pass, Merit and Distinction grading system. Each unit of the qualification carries equal weighting towards the final grade given.

Entry requirements

Students are required to have achieved at least 2 Science GCSEs at a grade 5 or above. Students should also have achieved a grade 5 in Mathematics and a grade 5 in English.

LEVEL 3 MEDICAL SCIENCE (WJEC)

This qualification has been developed in conjunction with Universities and Clinical Pathology laboratories. They provide an engaging and meaningful context led approach to the development of scientific knowledge and skills, and enable learners to develop the tools necessary to understand, assess and suggest solutions to real-world medical problems and challenges. The qualifications place significant stress on the development of good practical skills necessary to monitor health and disease.

Medical Science is the science of dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention and treatment of diseases. The Level 3 Certificate in Medical Science is for learners who are interested in careers related to healthcare and medical research. Medical scientists are at the forefront of healthcare services as they are vital in the diagnosis of disease, determining the effectiveness of treatments and searching for new cures.

The main purpose of the qualification is to provide learners with the knowledge, understanding and skills in key scientific principles to support progress to higher education or employment in areas of Medical Science, such as job roles in physiological sciences or clinical laboratory services. The qualification covers the key topic areas of health, physiology and disease, as well as providing the opportunity to study the areas of physiological measurement and medical research. In order to achieve the Level 3 Certificate in Medical Science learners are required to complete 3 units:

  • Human health anddisease
  • Physiological measurementtechniques
  • Medical Science researchmethods

Each unit has a clear medical science purpose which focuses the learning of scientific knowledge, understanding and skills into a meaningful context.

This qualification equips learners with scientific knowledge and understanding, as well as practical skills that would support progression to a range of job roles within health care.  Job roles such as those within life sciences,

i.e. carrying out a range of laboratory and scientific tests, would be supported by this qualification. Alternatively there would also be opportunities to progress to job roles within the physiological sciences, working directly with patients, measuring and evaluating particular organs and systems, such as scientists working in neurophysiology recording the electrical activity in the brain.

A significant proportion of career opportunities in this sector are at degree level. When supported by other appropriate qualifications, the Level 3 Certificate in Medical Science will enable progression to higher education to a range of Applied Science programmes, such as biomedical science, life sciences, and physiology.

The Level 3 Certificate in Medical Science is one of two qualifications offered by WJEC in this subject area. The Level 3 Certificate is equivalent in size to 50% of an A Level. WJEC also offers a Diploma in Medical Science which is equivalent to an A Level.

Studying the Level 3 Certificate in Medical Science allows time in the curriculum for other qualifications to be studied alongside it - these would typically be A Levels such as Psychology or Chemistry or another Applied General qualification in an area such as Health and Social Care or Environmental Science.

The Level 3 Certificate in Medical Science is intended to be an Applied General qualification.

The Level 3 Certificate in Medical Science is supported by a number of Higher Education Institutions including:

  • Bangor University
  • Bristol University of the West of England
  • Cardiff MetropolitanUniversity
  • Swansea University
  • University ofChester

These universities recognise this qualification for entry to a specified degree programme. Copies of the letters of support can be found on the qualification page of the WJEC and WJEC Eduqas websites.

Entry requirements

 

Unit Title Assessment Type Ofqual Unit Reference
  Key concepts in science Written exam J/507/6497
  Applied experimental techniques Portfolio L/507/6498
  Science in the modern world Written exam with pre-release material R/507/6499

Students are required to have achieved at least 2 Science GCSEs at a grade 5 or above. Students should also have achieved a grade 5 in Mathematics and a grade 5 in English.

Important textbooks, resources and websites we use at each Key Stage

Key Stage 3

Students in Years 7 and 8 are given FREE access to the two core textbooks and an extensive library of resources on kerboodle.com

Key Stage 4

GCSE Science textbooks

Students in Years 9, 10 and 11 are given FREE access to all three recommended books (Biology, Chemistry, Physics) and an extensive library of resources on kerboodle.com

GCSE BIOLOGY Third Edition. Author: Ann Fullick. Published by Oxford University Press GCSE CHEMISTRY Third Edition. Author: Lawrie Ryan. Published by Oxford University Press GCSE PHYSICS Third Edition. Author: Jim Breithaupt. Published by Oxford University Press

GCSE Science Websites

Key Stage 5

A Level Biology

General sites

ABPI The Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry

BUBL LINK - Catalogue of Internet Resources

Institute of Biology

S Cool

Asthma

Balanced Diet

Biodiversity

Biofuels

Cancer

Carbon Footprint

Cells

CHD

Cholera

Classification

Cystic Fibrosis

Diabetes

DNA

Ethics in Biology

Evolution

Gene Sequencing

Genetic Counselling – Ethical Issues

Search engine

Genetics

GM Foods

Impact of Human Activities on Biodiversity

Search engine

MRSA

Neuroscience

ORT

Practical Protocols

Virtual Labs

Association for the study of animal behaviour

National Space Centre www.spacecentre.co.uk Education Officer - 0116 258 2113 Information on physiology in space

A Level Chemistry

The A-Level textbook, which you are advised to purchase in advance of starting Chemistry in September, is AQA CHEMISTRY second edition, by Ted Lister and Janet Renshaw. Published by Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0- 19-835182-5. You will start Year 1 content (Chapter 1-16) in September and Year 2 content (Chapter 17-33) the following year.

Students have login access to the above book and an extensive library of resources for FREE on kerboodle.com

Calculations in AS/A-Level Chemistry, Authors: J. Clark Published by: Longman

Chemistry A-Level Websites BBC – Chemistry 16+ chemguide

chemmybear

Knockhardy (PowerPoints) - http://www.knockhardy.org.uk/ppoints.htm RSC ChemNet

A Level Physics

The A-Level textbook, which you are advised to purchase in advance of starting Physics in September, is AQA PHYSICS second edition, by Jim Breithaupt. Published by Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0-19-835187-0. You will start Year 1 content (sessions 1 to 5) in September and Year 2 content (sessions 6-8 plus an option in turning points in Physics) the following year.

Calculations for A-Level Physics, fourth edition, Authors: T.L Lowe and J.F. Rounce Published by: Nelson Thornes

YouTube

There are some excellent YouTube videos for Physics example : http://physics.andreadecapoa.net/

Physics A-Level Websites

These are general websites, but extremely useful for resources, for teaching and learning! Remember to use some resources at the e-learning website at www.e-teach.org/physics

This website provides you with valuable additional links and resources.

Ranelagh Physics: Absolutely brilliant resources for AQA A-Level Physics. Extremely useful for both teachers and students http://ranelaghalevelphysics.wikispaces.com

A-Level Physics Notes: Useful notes on a wide range of Physics topics www.thestudentroom.co.uk/wiki/Category:A_Level_Physics_Revision_Notes

AQA Physics A Noticeboard: Download past papers and mark schemes and also get all resources linked to the 12 required practicals http://web.aqa.org.uk/qual/gce/science/physics_a_noticeboard.php

A2 and AS Physics Links: A database of links to most topics at A-Level http://www.ktaggart.co.uk/physics

http://www.asa2physics.co.uk/pages/

School Matters: Teaching and learning resources from University of Liverpool http://schools.matter.org.uk/a- level.html

Exam Timetable: Find out when your exams will be. Set a reminder! http://www.modernisationonline.org.uk/comptimetable/

S-Cool: Great revision website. Interactive activities. http://www.s-cool.co.uk/a-level/physics

TopMarks: Another database of physics resources http://www.topmarks.co.uk/Search.aspx?Subject=23&AgeGroup=6

Antonine Physics AS: Useful note and online tests as you go through the notes. Good revision website http://www.antonine-education.co.uk/Physics%20A%20level/welcome_to_as_physics.htm

SchoolPhysics: Excellent animations and teaching and revision resources http://www.schoolphysics.co.uk

PhysicsNet: Useful revision /consolidation resources http://physicsnet.co.uk/a-level-physics-as-a2/

A-Level Physics Tutor: Useful website, although layout/presentation needs improvement. http://www.a-levelphysicstutor.com

WikiBooks A-level Physics (AQA): Wiki website dedicated to AQA A-Level Physics

The Physics Classroom: Lots of multimedia resources and notes/revision materials http://www.physicsclassroom.com/

Higher Physics: http://www.bbc.co.uk/scotland/learning/bitesize/higher/physics/

SamLearning: Interactive revision materials. You need to obtain login information from school http://www.samlearning.com/

Animated Physics: http://www.animatedscience.co.uk/?cat=21

Java Applets (Animations): Brilliant interactive resources for a wide range of topics http://www.walter-fendt.de/ph14e/

Applied Science students will be able to take advantage of FREE access to all three recommended books (Biology, Chemistry, Physics) and an extensive library of resources on kerboodle.com. These will be beneficial when studying key concepts in science to A-Level standard.

Further use internet resources are also regularly given to students when appropriate during their programme of study

Homework in Science

Homework will often be examination questions for students in Years 9 to 13 as practice is so vital for examination success.

Enrichment Opportunities in Science

Extra-curricular opportunities include:

  • The National Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) club programme
  • Fortnightly after school Science Club for Years 7 and 8

Students are advised to check the notice boards and listen for additional opportunities advertised by their teachers as we offer multiple activities and enrichment opportunities throughout the year.

Gifted and More Able Students in the Science Department

Science masterclasses run for the more able students, alongside specific enrichment opportunities. A programme of intervention for the gifted and more able also runs. Activities have included aerospace and medicine workshops, university visits and presentations, residential university visits and competitions.